DODI 5000.02 Enclosure 7: Human Systems Integration (HSI)

1. PURPOSE

This enclosure describes the HSI Includes the integrated and comprehensive analysis, design and assessment of requirements, concepts and resources for system manpower, personnel, training, safety and occupational health, habitability, personnel survivability, and human factors engineering. policy and procedure applicable to defense acquisition programs.

2. GENERAL

The Program Manager Designated individual with responsibility for and authority to accomplish program objectives for development, production, and sustainment to meet the user’s operational needs. The PM shall be accountable for credible cost, schedule, and performance reporting to the Milestone Decision Authority (MDA). will plan for and implement HSI Includes the integrated and comprehensive analysis, design and assessment of requirements, concepts and resources for system manpower, personnel, training, safety and occupational health, habitability, personnel survivability, and human factors engineering. beginning early in the acquisition process and throughout the product life cycle. The goal will be to optimize total system performance and total ownership costs, while ensuring that the system is designed, operated, and maintained to effectively provide the user with the ability to complete their mission. Program Managers will ensure that the DoD Component HSI staff is aware of and engaged with WIPTs Team composed of representatives from appropriate functional disciplines working together to build successful programs, identify and resolve issues, and make sound and timely recommendations to facilitate decision-making. There are three types of IPTs: Overarching IPT (OIPTs) that focus on strategic guidance, program assessment, and issue resolution; Working-level IPT (WIPTs) that identify and resolve program issues, determine program status, and seek opportunities for acquisition reform; and Program-level IPT (PIPTs) that focus on program execution and may include representatives from both government and industry after contract award. tasked with the development and review of program planning documents that reflect HSI planning and inform program decisions.

3. HSI PLANNING
HSI Includes the integrated and comprehensive analysis, design and assessment of requirements, concepts and resources for system manpower, personnel, training, safety and occupational health, habitability, personnel survivability, and human factors engineering. planning and implementation will address the following seven HSI domains recognized by the DoD::

a. Human Factors Engineering. The Program Manager Designated individual with responsibility for and authority to accomplish program objectives for development, production, and sustainment to meet the user’s operational needs. The PM shall be accountable for credible cost, schedule, and performance reporting to the Milestone Decision Authority (MDA). will take steps (e.g., contract deliverables and government/contractor integrated product teams) to ensure ergonomics, human factors engineering, and cognitive engineering is employed during systems engineering over the life of the program to provide for effective human-machine interfaces and to meet HSI requirements. System designs will minimize or eliminate system characteristics that require excessive cognitive, physical, or sensory skills; entail extensive training or workload-intensive tasks; result in mission-critical errors; or produce safety or health hazards.

b. Personnel. The Program Manager will, in conjunction with designated DoD Component HSI staff, define the human performance characteristics of the user population based on the system description, projected characteristics of target occupational specialties, and recruitment and retention trends. To the extent possible, systems will not require special cognitive, physical, or sensory skills beyond that found in the specified user population. For those programs that have skill requirements that exceed the knowledge, skills, and abilities of current military occupational specialties, or that require additional skill indicators or hard-to-fill military occupational specialties, the Program Manager will consult with personnel communities to mitigate readiness, personnel tempo, and funding issues.

c. Habitability. The Program Manager will, in conjunction with designated DoD Component staff, establish requirements for the physical environment (e.g., adequate space and temperature control) and, if appropriate, requirements for personnel services (e.g., medical and mess) and living conditions (e.g., berthing and personal hygiene) for conditions that have a direct impact on meeting or sustaining system performance or that have such an adverse impact on quality of life and morale that recruitment or retention is degraded.

d. Manpower. In advance of contracting for operational support services, the Program Manager will, in conjunction with the designated DoD Component manpower authority, determine the most efficient and cost-effective mix of DoD manpower and contract support. The mix of military, DoD civilian, and contract support necessary to operate, maintain, and support (to include providing training) the system will be determined based on the manpower mix criteria (see DoD Instruction 1100.22 (Reference (bm))). Manpower mix data will be reported to cost analysts and factored into the preparation of independent cost estimates and DoD Component cost estimates. Economic analyses used to support workforce mix decisions will use costing tools, to include DoD Instruction 7041.04 (Reference (bn)), that account for fully loaded costs (i.e., all variable and fixed costs, compensation and non-compensation costs, current and deferred benefits, and cash and in-kind benefits) approved by the DoD Component manpower authority.

e. Training. The Program Manager will, in conjunction with designated DoD Component staff, develop options for individual, collective, and joint training for operators, maintenance and support personnel, and, where appropriate, base training decisions on training effectiveness evaluations (which can be integrated with other test and evaluation). The major tasks identified in the job task analysis, training device document coordinating paper and training plans will support a comprehensive analysis with special emphasis on options that enhance user capabilities, maintain skill proficiencies, and reduce individual and collective training costs. The Program Manager will develop training system plans that consider the use of new learning techniques, simulation technology, embedded training and distributed learning, and instrumentation systems that provide “anytime, anyplace” training and reduce the demand on the training establishment. Where cost effective and practical, the Program Manager will use simulation-supported embedded training, and the training systems will fully support and mirror the interoperability of the operational system in accordance with DoD Directive 1322.18 (Reference (bo)).

f. Safety and Occupational Health. The Program Manager will ensure that appropriate HSI Includes the integrated and comprehensive analysis, design and assessment of requirements, concepts and resources for system manpower, personnel, training, safety and occupational health, habitability, personnel survivability, and human factors engineering. and environmental, safety, and occupational health efforts are integrated across disciplines and into systems engineering to determine system design characteristics that can minimize the risks of acute or chronic illness, disability, or death or injury to operators and maintainers; and enhance job performance and productivity of the personnel who operate, maintain, or support the system.

g. Force Protection and Survivability. The Program Manager will assess risks to personnel and address, in terms of system design, protection from direct threat events and accidents (such as chemical, biological, and nuclear threats). Design consideration will include primary and secondary effects from these events and consider any special equipment necessary for egress and survivability.